Present Perfect Continuous Tense with Examples, Exercise, and Structure

Present perfect continuous tense is one of the forms of verb tenses. In this post, we are describing present perfect continuous tense definition, formula, its usage with examples and exercises at the end.

Definition

The present perfect continuous tense is used to describe the action that is not completed by the present moment but is still going on. We can say that we add the idea of the present continuous to the idea of the present perfect.

Structure / Formula

The formula for affirmative, negative and question sentences is given separately.

Affirmative Sentences

Formula for affirmative sentences.

Subject + has/have + been + present participle + time reference

He/She/It + has + been + present participle

I/We/They/You + have + been + past participle

Examples

  • They have been performing duty since 8 a.m.
  • She has been cooking the meal for one hour.

Negative Sentences

Subject + has/have + not + been + present participle + time reference

Examples

  • They have not been performing duty since 8 a.m.
  • She has not been cooking the meal for one hour.

Interrogative Sentences

Has/have + subject + been + present participle + time reference + ?

Examples

  • Have they been performing duty since 8 a.m?
  • Has she been cooking the meal for one hour?

Rules / Usage

Rules/UsageExample
To emphasize the action duration that started in past and continued to the present.She has been reading novel all the night.
To express the anger or annoyance.Why you have been calling me?
How long actions continued?He has been planting flowers for two hours.
Time expressionHe has been sleeping since 11 p.m.
Announcement in mediaThe government has been trying to reduce the inflation since last month.

Examples

Affirmative Sentences

  • He has been standing in the rain waiting for the bus.
  • I have been drinking coffee for many years.
  • I have been visiting Paris since 2016.
  • Julia has been working in the kitchen all morning.
  • Jimmy has been attending the business meeting.
  • The gardener has been planting the flowers.
  • Tom has been sleeping soundly for five hours.

Negative Sentences

  • He has not been standing in the rain waiting for the bus.
  • I have not been drinking coffee for many years.
  • I have not been visiting Paris since 2016.
  • Julia has not been working in the kitchen all morning.
  • Jimmy has not been attending the business meeting.
  • The gardener has not been planting the flowers.
  • Tom has not been sleeping soundly for five hours.

Interrogative Sentences

  • Has he been standing in the rain waiting for the bus?
  • Have I been drinking coffee for many years?
  • Have I been visiting Paris since 2016?
  • Has Julia been working in the kitchen all morning?
  • Has Jimmy been attending the business meeting?
  • Has the gardener been planting the flowers?
  • Has Tom been sleeping soundly for five hours?

Exercises

  1. They _______________ in this house for five years. (live)
  2. I ________________ this novel since Saturday. (read)
  3. The sales manager ______________ the target of sales for many years. (achieve)
  4. She _______________ to learn French for two months. (try)
  5. I _______________ at home for three months. (stay)
  6. He _______________ satisfactory progress since his admission to the college. (make)
  7. I _______________ for you since 3 o’clock. (wait)
  8. He _______________ this shirt for two months. (wear)
  9. The couple _______________ at the bench for two hours. (sit)
  10. Haris _______________ ten pages since morning. (type)
  11. Rita _______________ at coffee shop for her friend. (wait)
  12. The kids _______________ cartoons all day. (watch)

Answers

  1. They have been living in this house for five years.
  2. I have been reading this novel since Saturday.
  3. The sales manager has been achieving the target of sales for many years.
  4. She has been trying to learn French for two months.
  5. I have been staying at home for three months.
  6. He has been making satisfactory progress since his admission to the college.
  7. I have been waiting for you since 3 o’clock.
  8. He has been wearing this shirt for two months.
  9. The couple has been sitting at the bench for two hours.
  10. Haris has been typing ten pages since morning.
  11. Rita has been waiting at coffee shop for her friend.
  12. The kids have been watching cartoons all day.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Exercises
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Exercises

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