Present Perfect Tense with Examples

If you have learned the verb tenses, you will know the present perfect tense for sure; if not, then read today’s post.

In this post, we are narrating present perfect tense definition, formula, its usage with examples and exercises at the end.

Definition

The present perfect tense is used to describe the actions that are completed in the present. The actions may start in the past and continued until the present time.

Formula / Structure

The formula for affirmative, negative and question sentences is given here.

Affirmative Sentences

Formula for affirmative sentences.

Subject + has/have + past participle(V3) + object

He/She/It + has + past participle

I/We/They/You + have + past participle

Examples

  • They have performed the duty.
  • She has informed me about her decision.

Negative Sentences

Subject + has/have + not + past participle(V3) + object

Examples

  • They have not performed the duty.
  • She has not informed me about her decision.

Interrogative Sentences

Has/have + subject + past participle(V3) + object + ?

Examples

  • Have they performed the duty?
  • Has she informed me about her decision?

Rules / Usage

Rules/UsageExample
To show the work that is recently completed.She has just baked the cake.
For a specific moment of time. I have lived in this city since 2011.
How long actions continued?He has had a pup for two years
To express the time periodThey have been at duty for 8 hours.
To describe the finished or completed actions.He has taken the exam today.
Announcement in mediaThe corona-virus has damaged the economy of the world.

Examples

Affirmative Sentences

  • He has spilt milk.
  • I have visited Paris three times.
  • Roshana has taken her meal in the afternoon.
  • The court has given its verdict today.
  • Jimmy has attended the business meeting.
  • The chef has cooked the meal.
  • She has been at work since 6 a.m.
  • I have learned my lesson.
  • I have drunk two cups of coffee today.
  • He has stopped responding to my emails.

Negative Sentences

  • He has not spilt milk.
  • I have not visited Paris three times.
  • Roshana has not taken her meal in the afternoon.
  • The court has not given its verdict today.
  • Jimmy has not attended the business meeting.
  • The chef has not cooked the meal.
  • She has not been at work since 6 a.m.
  • I have not learned my lesson.
  • I have not drunk two cups of coffee today.
  • He has not stopped responding to my emails..

Interrogative Sentences

  • Has he spilt milk?
  • Have I visited Paris three times?
  • Has Roshana taken her meal in the afternoon?
  • Has the court given its verdict today?
  • Has Jimmy attended the business meeting?
  • Has the chef cooked the meal?
  • Has she been at work since 6 a.m.?
  • Have I learned my lesson?
  • Have I drunk two cups of coffee today?
  • Has he stopped responding to my emails?

You may also like: 50 Sentences of Present Perfect Tense

Exercises

  1. He _______________ to the office. (not come)
  2. Jimmy _______________ a bike since 2018. (has)
  3. I ________________ this novel twice. (read)
  4. Snake charmer ______________ bagpipe in his hand. (has)
  5. Who _______________ you? (deceived)
  6. I _______________ at home for three months. (stay)
  7. The company ______________ a bonus salary for its employees. (announce)
  8. He _______________ off the stairs. (fall)
  9. Tom _______________ some flowers. (plant)
  10. The sales manager ______________ the target of sales for this quarter. (achieve)

Answers

  1. He has not come to the office.
  2. Jimmy has had a bike since 2018.
  3. I have read this novel twice.
  4. Snake charmer has had bagpipe in his hand.
  5. Who has deceived you?
  6. I have stayed at home for three months.
  7. The company has announced a bonus salary for its employees.
  8. He has fallen off the stairs.
  9. Tom has planted some flowers.
  10. The sales manager has achieved the target of sales for this quarter.
Present Perfect Tense with examples
Present Perfect Tense with examples

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