Simple Present Tense (Formula, Examples & Exercises)

Simple Present Tense is one of the forms of verb tenses that refers to the present time. We will see its formula and usage with examples. Let’s start with the definition!

Definition

Simple present tense also called present indefinite tense, is used to express general statements and to describe actions that are usual or habitual in nature. In simple words, we can say that the simple present tense is used to describe routine acts.

Formula

Its formula is very simple as only base form of verb is used.

Affirmative Sentences

Formula for affirmative sentences.

Subject + Base form(V1) + “s/es” for third person + object

Examples

  • I take my meals at night.
  • It rains in winter.

Negative Sentences

Subject + do/does not + base form(V1) + object

Examples

  • I do not take my meals at night.
  • It does not rain in winter.

Interrogative Sentences

Do/does + subject + base form(V1) + object + ?

Examples

  • Do I take my meals at night?
  • Does it rain in winter?

Rules / Usage

Rules/UsageExample
To make simple statements.I take breakfast daily.
To show permanent facts.The sun rises in the east.
To describe the feeling or emotions.I become nervous during the exams.
To show habitual actions.He takes exercise daily for 30 minutes.
To state recurring actsIt snows every winter.
Mathematical or scientific statements.Two plus two equals four.
Water freezes at zero degree centigrade.
To give instructions or demonstrations.Bake the cookies in the oven for 20 minutes.
Time/dateThe bus leaves at 8 o’clock daily.
Announcements in media (television, radio or newspapers etc.Global virus cases exceed one million.

Examples

Affirmative Sentences

  • The sun sets in the west.
  • I assent with your proposal.
  • They work hard all day.
  • Abuzar attributes his success to hard work.
  • The cows graze in the field.
  • Man clings to hope even on the deathbed.
  • He conspires against his friends.

Negative Sentences

  • The sun does not set in the west.
  • I do not assent with your proposal.
  • They do not work hard all day.
  • Abuzar does not attribute his success to hard work.
  • The cows do not graze in the field.
  • Man does not cling to hope even on the deathbed.
  • He does not conspire against his friends.

Interrogative Sentences

  • Does the sun set in the west?
  • Do I assent with your proposal?
  • Do they work hard all day?
  • Does Abuzar attribute his success to hard work?
  • Do the cows graze in the field?
  • Does man cling to hope even on the deathbed?
  • Does he conspire against his friends?

Exercises

  1. The government __________ five hour complete lock-down for one month. (announce)
  2. Tom __________ with his teacher in all matters. (consult)
  3. Our hostel __________ of 30 rooms. (consist)
  4. They __________ with each other. (not cooperate)
  5. She __________ after his mother. (not take)
  6. We __________ bath daily. (take)
  7. The old woman __________ beautiful flowers. (sell)
  8. I __________ the Holy Quran daily. (recite)
  9. He __________ his summer vacation at hillstation. (spend)
  10. Jimmy __________ to eat fruits. (like)

Read also: 50 Sentences of Simple Present Tense

Answers

  1. announces
  2. consults
  3. consists
  4. do not cooperate
  5. does not take
  6. take
  7. sells
  8. recite
  9. spends
  10. likes
Simple Present Tense (Formula, Examples & Exercises)
Simple Present Tense (Formula, Examples & Exercises)

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